Thursday Thirteen #7
Sorry that this is so late this week. I was going to work on it from home, and then my laptop died. *sniffle* Anyway, for this week’s Thursday Thirteen I have chosen to look at 13 Nobel Peace Prize Winners. Some of these seem obvious, but others really make you wonder.
13 Folks With the Prize:
1. Theodore Roosevelt (1906) – He received the award for being a collaborator on various peace treaties, most notably the Treaty of Portsmouth. Did you know that he ran the Police Department of New York City at one point? Apparently, he would put on a black cape and wander the slums at night checking on his patrolmen. (He was also the 26th President of the United States.)
2. Thomas Woodrow Wilson (1919) – He received the award for being the founder of the League of Nations. Did you know that he actually practiced law for a year? It didn’t really go well, so he went back to school and ended up teaching at Universities. (He was also the 28th President of the United States.)
3. Albert Schweitzer (1952) – He received the award for his medical contributions in founding (and running) a hospital at Lambaréné in French Equatorial Africa. I actually went to Albert Schweitzer Elementary School. Did you know that Schweitzer began substituting for his church organist at the age of 9? (Schweitzer was a medical missionary, theologian, and musician.)
4. Linus Carl Pauling (1962) – He received the award for his tireless crusade against nuclear testing and even war itself. Did you know that he also received the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1954 and the Presidential Medal of Merit in 1948? Shame he wasn’t distinguished or anything. Wow. (Pauling taught at Caltech for many years.)
5. Martin Luther King, Jr. (1964) – He received the award for his passionate and non-violent work in the Civil Rights movement. Did you know that he graduated from High School at the age of fifteen? He was also named Man of the Year by Time magazine in 1963. (MLK was a pastor and crusader for Civil Rights.)
6. Henry A. Kissinger (1973) – He shared the prize with Le Duc Tho for their efforts to end the fighting in Vietnam. Did you know that he was born in Germany, and his name was originally Heinz? His family fled to the United States in 1938 to escape the Nazi persecution of the Jews. (Kissinger was the 56th Secretary of State of the United States.)
7. Mother Teresa (1979) – She received the prize for her work among the poor (and all of the people no one else would care for) and founding her own order “The Missionaries of Charity” which has now spread the world over. Did you know that she was born “Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu”? (Mother Teresa was a Nun that took her work among the poor and forgotten very seriously.)
8. Lech Walesa (1983) – He received the award for his work in the organization of Solidarity in Poland. Did you know that he spent two years in military service? I actually went to High School with two people whose family had been forced to escape Poland to avoid persecution for their part in the fight for Solidarity. (Walesa is a Trade Union Leader, and was actually President of the Repulic of Poland for five years.)
9. Desmond Mpilo Tutu (1984) – He received the award for his work against apartheid in South Africa. Did you know that he was a High School teacher for three years? (Tutu is Bishop of Johannesburg and the former Secretary General of the South African Council of Churches.)
10. Elie Wiesel (1986) – He received the award for his work on the behalf of victims of opression. Did you know that he survived a German concentration camp? Well…if you’ve read his books, you do. (Wiesel is a writer and educator. He is famous for his book Night among others, and his work fighting opression.)
11. The 14th Dalai Lama (Tenzin Gyatso) (1989) – He received the award for his crusade for a peaceful end to the occupation of Tibet (and work toward peace in general.) Unlike his predecessors, this Dalai Lama has traveled quite extensively. He is well known as a scholar and a man of peace.
12. Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev (1990) – He received the award “for his leading role in the peace process which today characterizes important parts of the international community.” Did you know that his father was an “agricultural mechanic” on a small farm? Quite the humble beginning. He also won a Grammy Award for best spoken word album for children. (Gorbachev is a former President of the Soviet Union and is now the first head of the Union of Social Democrats.)
13. Jimmy Carter (2002) – He received the award “for his decades of untiring effort to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to promote economic and social development.” Did you know that he once studied technology and nuclear physics during his time in the Navy? (Carter was the 39th President of the United States.)
Nobel Prize Winners (1987), Edited by Tyler Wasson.
Nobelprize.org – The official site for the Nobel Foundation.
The Biography Resource Center – (a database available to Alameda County Library Card holders.)
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